Is defined as the set of home automation systems capable of automating a home, providing energy management services, safety, welfare and communication, and can be integrated through networks of communication inside and outside, wired or wireless, and whose control has certain ubiquity, from inside and outside the home. It could be defined as the integration of technology in the intelligent design of an enclosure.

The term home automation comes from the union of the words domus (meaning house in Latin) and policy (for automatic word in Greek, 'that works by itself').


Services offered by home automation can be grouped according to five aspects or areas:

  • Energy savings
  • Comfort
  • Security
  • Communications
  • Accessibility


From the viewpoint of the intelligence resides domotic system, several different architectures:

Centralized architecture: a centralized controller receives information from multiple sensors and once processed, generates the appropriate commands for the actuators.

Distributed architecture: all the intelligence of the system is distributed by all modules are sensors or actuators. Usually typical bus wiring systems, or wireless networks.

Mixed architecture: systems with decentralized architecture in that they have several small devices able to acquire and process information from multiple sensors and transmit them to other devices across the house.